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  • How food businesses can be prepared for the new Prepacked for Direct Sale (PPDS) food legislation.

    Created: 30/09/2021, Updated: 01/10/2021

    New legislation, which will require food businesses in Scotland to include the product name and full ingredients list, on food and drink sold prepacked for direct sale (PPDS), comes into force on 01 October 2021, in Scotland and the rest of the UK.  

    This change in legislation aims to protect those with a food allergy or intolerance from having a reaction, especially a fatal reaction, to a food or drink item that they might have purchased from a food business. It aims to ensure that all businesses are transparent about what ingredients are in any PPDS food or drink item that they sell. 

    Businesses must include the name of the food and the ingredients list with any of the 14 allergens required to be declared by law emphasised within it if they are ingredients of the food and drink.  

    Examples of PPDS foods include sandwiches placed into packaging by the food business and sold from the same premises, wrapped deli counter goods such as cheese and meats, and boxed salads placed on a refrigerated shelf prior to sale.  

    What information is required?  

    You must include the name of the food and the ingredients list with any of the 14 allergens required to be declared by law emphasised within it, if they are ingredients of the food. Allergens could be emphasised by: 

    • Using a different text colour 

    • Writing the allergens in bold or underlining 

    How is my business affected?  

    This applies to any food business that produces PPDS food and drink including event caterers, hotels, bars and pubs. It also applies to third sector organisations (including social enterprises and community fridges/pantries) that sell or provide PPDS food or drink.  

    To find out how your business is affected visit the Food Standards Scotland website and answer a few questions to find out how you are affected by these changes. 

    For businesses that provide non-prepacked food or drink items: information on the presence or use of allergens in food must be provided in a manner that is easily accessible for consumers. For example, where food is provided through a buffet format, the allergen information should be provided for each food item separately. View page 22 of the Food allergen labelling and information requirements technical guidance for more information. 

    Support and guidance:

    For more information on the impact of this on businesses in Fife, please contact [email protected]

    You can also find all the support and guidance you will need on the Food Standards Scotland website, along with a short video to help explain the legislation change. 

    To make sure you are ready for this change visit 

    Key materials: 

    Guidance for food businesses on labelling of food sold prepacked for direct sale 

    Food allergen labelling and information requirements technical guidance 

    YouTube allergen guidance video 

    Food standards infographic 

    Additional stakeholder resources 

    * Please contact [email protected] for more details. 


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